Solomon Islands Historical Encyclopaedia 1893-1978

Here, time dances to the rhythms of the oceans and the sound of church bells on Sunday. Many Tongans still live in village communities following traditional customs, especially on the outer islands. Fish and vegetables are still cooked in earth ovens called Umus. And the ceremonial tradition of kava drinking, the traditional Polynesian drink, is a very real part of Tongan life. This is partly because Tonga is the only Pacific Island nation never colonised by a foreign power. Uniquely, Tonga has also never lost its indigenous governance. In more recent times time, Tonga has also been strongly influenced by Christianity and now probably boasts more churches per head of population than anywhere else on earth. The islands resonate with hymns and harmonies every Sunday, a day of rest by law on the islands, and visitors are welcome to attend the services. Many do and leave with special memories of the experience.

Samoan americans

For details of differing types and styles of visual and fine arts, see: Different to Western Art Similar to indigenous African art including African sculpture , Oceanic artifacts were not made with any notion of their being “art” as the word is used in the West. Oceanic painting, sculpture and wood-carving were conceived as an integral part of the religious and social ceremony of everyday island life, and were aspects of the various prevalent forms of ancestor-worship and spirit-worship.

Hence Tongan culture is far from a unified or monolithic affair, and Tongans themselves may differ strongly as to what it is “Tongan” to do, or not do. Contemporary Tongans often have strong ties .

Geologically, the Tongan islands are either volcanic in origin rising directly from the ocean floor or seismically uplifted coral limestone overlaying an older volcanic base such as Tongatapu. The active volcanic islands are situated in an approximate north-south line located west of the more populated islands.

A new volcanic island broke the ocean’s surface during the s. The annual rainfall rises from cm to cm as one moves from Tongatapu in the south to the northerly islands closer to the Equator. The average daily humidity is 80 percent. Environmental issues facing Tonga include deforestation, as land is cleared for agriculture and settlement, and damage to coral reefs from starfish and indiscriminate coral and shell collectors.

Overhunting threatens native sea turtle populations. Natural hazards include cyclones, from October to April, and earthquakes and volcanic activity. History The first settlers in Tonga sailed from the Solomon Islands , a part of the original “Lapita culture” migration of Austronesian-speaking peoples out of Southeast Asia that began 6, years ago. Tonga is the oldest known site in Polynesia for Lapita ceramic ware, with samples dating back 2, years.


And any other type of traditional dance clothing. Mat-weaving Woven mats serve a variety of purposes, from the ordinary to the ceremonial. Many woven mats are passed down from generation to generation, acquiring greater status with the passage of time.

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The Samoan culture and way of life is over years old and you will no doubt be introduced to this complex cultural code during your visit to Samoa. Fa’a Samoa is a guideline for every Samoan on how to lead their lives by celebrating and embracing traditional values, their culture and environment. It is an integral part of Samoan life, evident in the time-honoured traditions, warm hospitality, as well as the cultural practices and customs of the Samoan people.

Matai are the heads of the extended family unit and their role is very complex; covering family, civic and political duties in the village. The aiga or extended family is made up of parents, brothers and sisters, children, grandparents, cousins, nephews and nieces living together within the village. When family members marry partners in other villages, the in-laws become part of the extended family unit and in times of happiness or sadness all come together to pitch in. It is the duty of a Samoan to be of service to our aiga for life.

John Williams from the London Missionary Society arrived in Savai’i in with eight Tahitian and Rarotongan teachers to spread the word. Samoans are devote Christians and Sunday is a day of worship and spending time with family and no physical work is done. Samoan Cultural Practices and Art ‘Ava Ceremony Traditionally, ‘ava sometimes known as kava is a drink made from the ground root of the pepper plant and is often reserved for visiting royalty and dignitaries.

Every government and matai meeting starts with an ‘ava ceremony. Tatau A traditional art form that represents the spiritual and cultural heritage of Samoa is the Tatau, or tattoo. It is often seen as a rite of passage for men where the intricate patterns of the pe’a covers the body from the waist to the knees. It is a mark of personal and spiritual maturity and a commitment to Fa’a Samoa.

Culture of Tonga

Shangaan Traditional Ceremony Introduction The Tsonga are a diverse people, generally including the Shangaan, Thonga, Tonga, and several smaller ethnic groups. Together they numbered about 1. Historical Background The first Tsonga-speakers to enter the former Transvaal probably did so during the 18th Century. They were essentially traders who followed rivers inland, where they bartered cloth and beads for ivory, copper and salt.

Tonga Facts and Culture Food and Recipes: Whenever possible, families eat meals together. Residents of outer islands sit on woven mats, while urban Tongans use dining tables.

The currency used in Zagreb is the Kuna. Zagreb is the capital of Croatia. If you are traveling to Zagreb, you will need to exchange your currency for the Croatian Kuna. You may exchange your money for the Kuna at most Zagreb banks or at specialized stores called Foreign Exchange Bureaus. You may be able to exchange your money at the Zagreb airport, but exchange rates may not be the best.

You should consider purchasing the Kuna currency at a more favorable exchange rate before you arrive in Zagreb. You can do that by researching online currency brokers that do foreign exchange. If on holiday, vacation, or business you can also inquire about purchasing travellers checks Travellers Cheques. Also, before your trip, consult with your credit or debit card bank about the foreign exchange transaction fees charged for using your card in Zagreb, Croatia.

About Zagreb Zagreb Croatian pronunciation: It is situated in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately m ft above sea level. In , Zagreb’s population was , Its favourable geographic position in the southwestern part of the Pannonian Basin, which extends to the Alpine, Dinaric, Adriatic and Pannonic regions, provides an excellent connection for traffic between Central Europe and the Adriatic Sea.

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The Tongans are warmly friendly and the islands are beautiful. A few years ago, we spent some soul searching time on the internet exploring the possibilities of permanently moving offshore. So, give the language question some thought when you are choosing a country.

Tongan dating culture Bank tongan archipelago has never learned and asian cuisine since Home and asian cuisine since settlement was holding an object of the tongan people, featuring live entertainment and are ominous.

The island served as an Arab port before Vasco da Gama visited in and finally the Portuguese established a port and naval base here. The chapel of Nossa Senhora de Baluarte built in is considered to be the oldest non-indigenous building in the southern hemisphere. The island was Mozambique’s first capital. The fascinating mix of African, Arab and European culture and history is displayed in the churches and mosques, beautiful colonial buildings with thick walls and small traditional houses, the imposing fort, the old Portuguese houses some dating back to the sixteenth century , the well-maintained, interesting museums and above all in the local population, their culture and their incredibly varied faces.

There is a colourful and vibrant feel to the island with all the hustle and bustle; yet you can still feel the charm, sophistication and culture. More and more guest houses and small boutique hotels are being opened in restored buildings, offering comfortable and charming accommodation at varied but not expensive prices.

Themes: Similarities and Differences Between Cultures

The archipelago is a politically divided one. The eastern group of islands is known as American Samoa, a U. The total land area of American Samoa is 77 square miles and includes seven major islands: American Samoa is administered by an elected governor and territorial legislature as well as a non-voting delegate to the U. The native-born residents of American Samoa are considered American nationals.

While they do not pay U.

Dating in Tonga generally begins at faikava (a kava making and serving event), when a man asks a woman he is interested in to make kava. All are welcome to this event in the girl’s home and rarely will a girl refuse a request.

March 22nd, , 1: My parents migrated to NZ in the 40’s. I was brought up like any typical samoan girl in the samoan community. I was schooled in the city located an hour away from home. Polynesians at this private school were a minority. Don’t get me wrong. Some are but not very common. Then it occurred to me as to why. Ethics behind polynesian culture in some way contradict the western culture. That alone handicaps everything in regards to courtship between a polynesian.

In saying that, it also depends on the background of the male. For example; Samoan families depend on each other heavily and to be a good samoan girl I would work and stay home to support the family. If I were to move out, I would have to be married or have a damn good reason.

Are Tongan Girls ATTRACTIVE? ( Polynesian Pacific Islanders)Tongan,Samoan,Tahiti… Island?

Aug 2, 1. Land and water are elements to be respected. Our state gem is a coral — technically a living organism. Thou shalt not correct her speech. Pidgin is a legitimate creole in Hawaii.

Tonga (/ ˈ t ɒ ŋ (ɡ) ə /; Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga), officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian country and archipelago comprising islands, of which 36 are inhabited.

In any given society, those cultural items within it which change so slowly that, in practice, we regard them as not changing at all, constitute the identity of that culture. We say of those items that they persist. Why do those cultural items change so slowly? To answer this question we outline two general and complementary theses. Thesis 1 It would advance theory if we regard society in the manner chemists regard matter. Thus society would have molecules — institutions, social classes, organisations, etc.

Adopting a dynamic perspective, we look at our social molecules as processes.

Tongan Roles & Cultural Dress